First of the islam: foreclosure and parallel worlds in the french prejudices. From gilles keplel "banlieue de la republique" will be a lot of talking.
From this report (collector) will be a lot of talking. His title "banlieue de la republique" betrayed the essentials. It is about foreclosure and parallel worlds in order to be communities in the french prejudices, and about how the ratio to the gross community, to the values of the republic, looks like. That’s why the future looks like france. As roughly formulated the spring-leading author of the report, gilles kepel. And he can understand that the conditions he in the "emblematic pre-estimates" clichy-sous-bois and montfermeil, in the present department 93, his-saint-denis, has looked very carefully, despite all the peculiarities at phanomena drum, which there is also outside france.
Gilles kepel has made a name for a name as an expert for political islam. His publications, best known is likely "the black book of jihad. Rise and decline of islamism", find worldwide. Together with other scientists, from the summer of 2010 until the summer of this year, he explored the two banlieues listed above and their surroundings and talked to hundreds of residents. The intention was to "total portrait" to create.
Clichy sous-bois (chemin of the post office). Image: marianna. License: CC-BY-SA-3.0
He has chosen the two places because, although not reproduced because of oriented peculiarities, but is characterized for a development and typical, which concerns the problems with which they have to do. Clichy-sous-bois stand 2005 in the worldwide spotlight, as if there are unrest ("emoll") broke out (11. Night: 1408 burned cars). Since then, as a key concept, the place name appears there again and again where the danger is summoned by islamic immigrants. The cliches are numerous, projecting, self-effective and fixed as the truth in the middle ages. Kepel’s investigation offers a new view.
First of all, his analyzes offer ammunition for those who, with releases under the roof of "islam criticism" agitate. "What makes society in the banlieues?", if le monde asks in an article to the kepel report and gives the answer in short form: "first of the islam."
As if the values of islam had filled the emptiness who left the values of the republic, it is called. Kepel’s report show a daily islam, which reflects in family life, in the rituals, in the frequent mosque search, in the joint meals, in the moral views, in social relationships, in what is considered to be allowed and what prohibited. During the republic multiplied its promises without holding them, religion give the structures that determine the lives of the communities in the banlieues. The religious values structure life in the prejudices stronger than the "faith in the republic".
This is reflected in statements very pointed again, which are presented on the entrance side of the institute montagne, publisher of the kepel-report, for example in the quote, after which freedom, equality, brotherhood – after all, have the basic values of the republic – elsewhere:
They speak of freedom, equality, brotherhood, but all there is not.
The underlying distinction underlying "that and us" is elemental and preaching for the self-mortal of the inhabitants, it is reflected in many statements that are collected, but it is not the only prudent element and to accommodate them in a simple cause-effect scheme is not possible. For the foreclosure of the neighborhoods, for example, evenly, miserable public transport conditions contribute significantly, as steam highlights. The religious attitudes and practices that structure everyday life are just one aspect that determines life.
Another room that is premiered to the kepel is the highly high unemployment, which is due to the poor traffic connection and social interpretation to the life of others. The difficulties are also evident in school education. The teachers are expected to provide what the parents who immigrate to a proportionally high percentage can not deliver.
Cultured otherwise claimed to the school – here the french middle class, who has already mediated much essential to the children outside the school, there the immigrants who expect everything from the (damiut surprised) – are also evident in german schools, such as a current report the konrad adenauer foundation describes in detail. This report also varies like kepel’s report with the cliche that it "in this milieus" no ambition in education – on the contrary.
Compensation instead of opposition
Islam, who structures life in the suburbs, will not be out of an opposition attitude as "parallel world" which wants to have nothing to do with the other world, lets himself as a core of the findings of kepel, but he presents something to give the republic. The compensation for the feelings "social, political and economical" to the elaborate, unawelled underdogs and a community flavor, a social connection, which will not only fall within muslims. That has also been shown in the riots:
Even if the vocabulary, which was horny in the riots, has borrowed a lot from the semantic register of islam, so the direction had nothing to do with bin laden, in contrast to many brain spinests, which were spread here and there. The starting point was a social, he rubbed the rejection of integration into the great society, very clearly visible when accessing the workplace – and not all the participants of the riots were muslims. The solidarity of the community, which provided one of the resources of mobilization, was the exclusive. That attacks on a mosque was clearer of mobilization was raised in retrospect to sacralize and legitimize the revolts.
In this neckline, a remarkable point of the kepepschen analysis shows: he has not apparent to play the islam as an essential element for the identity and the life of most inhabitants of the pre-estate, but he arranges religion into a coordinate coordinate system that make a daily life. As a result, he can make contradictions visible which impregnate the ideological views. That, for example, the rough majority of muslims in the precedes have nothing against a marriage with nonmuslims and they are much less anti-semitic than it wants to see the cliche. The inhabitants of the enclaves are open in their attitude when it is thought of in the stubs elsewhere.
The state: a lot of money for concrete
Also, the desire for participation in the social and political life of the republic has fallen as the pronounced political commitment of many inhabitants and also high elective participations in the past showed high than expected from auben.
That the state does nothing is another prejudice that is often mentioned in connection with the banlieues. However, in view of the 600 million euros, the urban renewal does not constitute a serious program of urban renewal, there is a lot, a lot of money put into the two precedes, so pepp. These were also accepted by many residents and good. Policeprasence was also expanded and according to his research, this also corresponds to the wishes of many residents who do not differ from residents of other neighborhoods. But, so chef, the rough money is put in buildings, concrete, not gone, where the situation can improve fundamentally.
For the rents of the new buildings you need money and about a workplace. So many have been housed in run-down buildings and escaping there. Another juxtapelicity that looks at others. This logic must be interrupted. With better training, kindergarten, crisps, schools, better social programs, better connections to the environment. You have to pay attention, as it was already determined for the edge districts of the british society. Islam is not the problem.